Wartime Presidents


American Presidents and their wars. The wars they served in, the wars they presided over as Commander-in-Chief and the Presidents Military facts of service. There are only Thirteen American Presidents in History who have never served in the Military.


Presidential Military Facts

George Washington was the first President to become a prisoner of war. Washington was captured during the French and Indian War at Fort Necessity in 1754. Andrew Jackson was also a prisoner of war at the very young age of 13. The British captured him during the American Revolution, along with his brother.

John F. Kennedy is the only President in history to have earned a Purple Heart. He received the medal for being wounded in battle while commanding a Patrol Torpedo boat after the attack of Pearl Harbor.

George H. W. Bush was shot down during World War II by a Japanese anti-aircraft. Rescued by a submarine, George Bush was honored by the U.S. Military with the "Distinguished Flying Cross" for bravery in action.

President George W. Bush is the longest Wartime Commander-in-Chief to preside over a declaration of war. The war on terror is ongoing today in the current administration of Barack Obama. If President Barack Obama finishes out is second term he will likely be the new record holder.

Theodore Roosevelt is the only President in American History to receive a Congressional Medal of Honor. The long thought over due recognition, was given on January 16, 2001 by President Bill Clinton and Proudly accepted by Tweed Roosevelt on his great grand father's behalf. The Military award is the only award presented to the recipient by the United States President.

  • Theodore Roosevelt was the first President in history to receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for drafting to treaty to end the Russo-Japanese War. Three other American Presidents also received the Nobel Peace Prize: Woodrow Wilson in 1919 for establishing the League of Nations; Jimmy Carter in 2002 for his post Presidency work on promoting democracy, human rights, economic and social development; Barack Obama in 2009 for strengthening international diplomacy.


  • Theodore Roosevelt's son, Theodore Roosevelt Jr. was one of two President's sons to receive the medal of honor. Roosevelt Jr. for his service in World War II and Webb Cook Hayes for his action in the Philippines


American Presidents and The Wars They Served In

    George Washington
    Continental Army - Highest rank Commander-in-Chief
    • French and Indian War
    • American Revolution


    James Madison
    Virginia Militia - Highest rank Colonel
    • American Revolution


    James Monroe
    Continental Army - Highest rank of Major
    • Served in the American Revolution


    Andrew Jackson
    Served in the U.S. Army - Highest rank General
    • American Revolution
    • War of 1812
    • Creek War
    • First Seminole War


    William Henry Harrison
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Major General
    • Indian wars
    • War of 1812


    John Tyler
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Captain
    • War of 1812


    James K. Polk
    Tennessee State militia - Colonel
    • American Revolution


    Zachary Taylor
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Major General
    • War of 1812
    • Black Hawk War
    • Second Seminole war
    • Mexican-American War


    Franklin Pierce
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Brigadier General
    • Mexican-American War


    James Buchanan
    Pennsylvania State Militia - Highest rank Private
    • War of 1812


    Abraham Lincoln
    Illinois State Militia - Highest rank Captain
    • Black Hawk War


    Andrew Johnson
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Brigadier General
    • American Civil War


    Ulysses S. Grant
    U.S. Army - General of the Army
    • Mexican War
    • American Civil War


    Rutherford B. Hayes
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Major General
    • Amrican Civil War


    James A. Garfield
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Major General
    • American Civil War


    Chester Arthur
    NY. State Militia - Highest rank Brigadier General
    • American Civil War


    Benjamin Harrison
    U.S. Army - Brigadier General
    • American Civil War


    William McKinley
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Brevet Major
    • American Civil War


    Theodore Roosevelt
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Colonel
    • Spanish-American War


    Harry Truman
    U.S. Army - Highest rank Colonel
    • World War I


    Dwight Eisenhower
    U.S. Army - General of the Army
    • World War II


    John F. Kennedy
    U.S. Navy - Highest rank Lieutenant
    • World War II


    Lyndon Johnson
    U.S. Navy Reserve - Highest rank Commander
    • World War II


    Richard Nixon
    U.S. Navy Reserve - Highest rank Commander
    • World War II


    Gerald Ford
    U.S. Navy Reserve - Highest rank Lieutenant Commander
    • World War II


    Jimmy Carter
    U.S. Navy - Highest rank Lieutenant


    Ronald Reagan
    U.S. Army Reserve & Air Corp - Highest rank Captain


    George H. W. Bush
    U.S. Navy Reserve - Lieutenant
    • World War II


    George W. Bush
    Texas Air National Guard - 1st Lieutenant
    • Did not serve in the Vietnam War


Presidents Who Never Served in the Military

American Presidents Military Decorations & Service Medals

  • George Washington
    • Congressional Gold Medal

  • Theodore Roosevelt
    • Medal of Honor

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower
    • Army Distinguished Service Medal(4 oak leaf clusters)
    • Navy Distinguished Service Medal
    • Legion of Merit
    • Mexican Border Service Medal
    • World War I Victory Medal
    • American Defense Service Medal
    • European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign (9 service stars)
    • World War II Victory Medal
    • Army of Occupation Medal (Germany clasp)
    • National Defense Service Medal (1 service star)

  • John F. Kennedy
    • Navy and Marine Corps Medal
    • Purple Heart
    • American Defense Service Medal
    • American Campaign Medal
    • Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (3 bronze stars)
    • World War II Victory Medal

  • Lyndon Johnson
    • Silver Star
    • Presidential Medal of Freedom

  • Richard Nixon
    • American Campaign Medal
    • Asiatic-Pacific Campaign (2 service stars)
    • World War II Victory Medal

  • Gerald Ford
    • Asiatic-Pacific Campaign
    • American Campaign Medal
    • World War II Victory Medal

  • George H. W. Bush
    • Distinguished Flying Cross
    • Air Medal (3)


American Presidents During Wartime

  • George Washington
    • War with Native Americans in Ohio



  • Thomas Jefferson
    • Tripolitan War



  • James Madison
    • War of 1812
        War between the United States and Britain lasting from (1812-1815)



  • James Monroe
    • First Seminole War



  • Andrew Jackson
    • Black Hawk War



  • Martin Van Buren
    • Aroostook War
    • Second Seminole War



  • William Henry Harrison
    • Second Seminole War



  • John Tyler
    • Second Seminole War



  • James Polk
    • Mexican-American War



  • James Buchanan
    • Early stages of the American Civil War



  • Abraham Lincoln
    • American Civil War



  • William McKinley
    • Spanish-American War
    • Boxer Rebellion



  • Woodrow Wilson
    • World War I



  • Warren Harding
    • End stages of World War I



  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
    • World War II



  • Harry Truman
    • End stages of World War I
    • Korean War



  • Dwight D. Eisenhower
    • End stages of the Korean War



  • John Kennedy
    • Bay of Pigs
    • Vietnam War



  • Lyndon Johnson
    • Vietnam War
    • Dominican Republic



  • Richard Nixon
    • Vietnam War



  • Ronald Reagan
    • Grenada invasion



  • George H.W. Bush
    • Invasion of Panama
    • Persian Gulf War



  • George W. Bush
    • Taliban war in Afghanistan
    • Iraq War



  • Barack Obama
    • Continued War in Afghanistan
    • Continued War in Iraq




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AMERICAN PRESIDENTS OATH OF OFFICE

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of the President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States."
~United States Constitution, Article II, Section I, Clause 8

Presidential Facts