The Supreme Court of the United States is the Judicial Branch of the three branches of government designed in the U.S. Constitution. A checks and balance to the Executive Branch (President) and the Legislative Branch consisting of the Senate and House of Representatives (Congress).
Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the United States President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. However the the number of justices of the Supreme Court is determined by Congress. The first Supreme Court in 1789 appointed by President George Washington consisted of one Chief Justice and five Associate Justices. Congress has since changed the members from six to ten. But the current members of nine Justices was established with the 1869 Judiciary Act. An Odd number has been found to be a better mathematical choice. The Supreme court appointment is a lifetime term. A justice can only be removed by impeachment. The only Justice in History to be impeached was Samuel Chase in 1805. He was acquitted of charges by the U.S. Senate and not removed.
~ 1925 U.S. Supreme Court ~
Chief Justice and former U.S. President William Howard Taft seated center
"I _____, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter. So help me God."
John Jay was the first Chief Justice in United States History. He was appointed by the first President in U.S. History George Washington. Justice Jay took the oath on October 19, 1789
William Howard Taft was the first and only President of the United States to become Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. He was appointed by President Warren G. Harding in 1921. Justice Taft served for eight years.
Thurgood Marshall was the first African American Associate Justice to the U.S. Supreme Court. He was appointed by President Lyndon Johnson in 1967. Marshall served for twenty-four years.
Sandra Day O'Connor is the first women in history to become a Supreme Court Justice. She was appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1981. Justice O'Connor served until she retired in 2006.
Sonia Sotomayor is the first Hispanic to become Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. She was appointed by President Barack Obama in 2009. Justice Sotomayor is currently serving the court.
WHO WAS THE YOUNGEST JUSTICE?
WHO WAS THE OLDEST JUSTICE?
WHO WAS THE OLDEST SERVING JUSTICE ?
CHIEF JUSTICE JOHN G. ROBERTS, Jr.
Justice Roberts was appointed by President George W. Bush and he took the oath of office on September 29, 2005
Born January 27, 1955 in Buffalo New York.
Jane Marie Sullivan
Josephine and John
AB from Harvard College in 1976
JD from Harvard Law School in 1979
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE ANTONIN SCALIA
Justice Scalia was appointed by President Ronald Reagan and he took the oath of office on September 26, 1986
Born March 11, 1936 in Trenton, New Jersey
Sons: Eugene, John Francis, Paul David, Mathew, Christoper, James
Daughters: Ann Forrest, Catherine Elisabeth, Mary Clare, Margaret Jane
A.B. from Georgetown University
LLB. from Harvard Law School
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE ANTHONY M. KENNEDY
Justice Kennedy was appointed by President Ronald Reagan and he took the oath of office on February 18, 1988
Born July 23, 1936 in Sacramento, California
B.A. from Stanford University
B.A. London School of Economics
LL.B. from Harvard Law School
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE CLARENCE THOMAS
Justice Clarence Thomas was appointed by President George H. W. Bush and he took the oath of office on November 1, 1991
Born on June 23, 1948 in Pin Point near Savannah, Georgia
Virginia Lamp in 1987
A.B. Cum Laude from Holy Cross College
J.D. from Yale Law School in 1974
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE RUTH BADER GINSBURG.
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg by President Bill Clinton and she took the oath of office on August 10, 1993
Born on March 15, in Brooklyn, New York
Martin Ginsburg in 1954
James and Jane
B.A. from Cornell University
Attended Harvard Law School
LL.B. from Columbia Law School
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE STEPHEN G. BRYER
Justice Stephen Bryer was appointed by President Bill Clinton and he took the oath of office on August 3, 1994
Born on August 15, 1938 in San Francisco, California
Joanna Hare in 1967
Chloe, Nell and Michael
A.B. from Stanford University
B.A. from Magdalen College
Attended Oxford College
LL.B. from Harvard Law School
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE SAMUEL ANTHONY ALITO
Justice Samuel Alito was appointed by President George W. Bush and he took the oath of office on January 31, 2006
Born on April 1, 1950 in Trenton, New Jersey
Martha Ann Bomgardner in 1985
Phillip and Laura
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE SONIA SOTOMAYOR
Justice Sonia Sotomayor was appointed by President Barack Obama and she took the oath of office on August 8, 2009
Born on June 25, 1954 in Bronx, New York
B.A. from Princeton University summa cum laude
J.D. from Yale Law School
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE ELENA KAGEN.
Justice Elena Kagan was appointed by President Barack Obama and she took the oath of office on August 7, 2010
Born on Aprpil 28, 1960 in New York, New York
A.B. Princeton University, summa cum laude
Attended Oxford University
Attended Worcester College
J.D. from Harvard Law School
AMERICAN PRESIDENTS OATH OF OFFICE
do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office
of the President of the United States, and will to the best of my
ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United
~United States Constitution, Article II, Section I, Clause 8