The Continental Congress began debating Lees's resolution on June 7, 1776 however not all 13 colonies were on board and not yet willing to declare independence from England so the vote was delayed. The debates resumed on July 1, and the process moved forward with a July 2, majority vote in favor of independence. The Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson was signed on July 4, 1776.
Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.
That it is expedient forthwith to take the most effectual measures for forming foreign Alliances.
That a plan of confederation be prepared and transmitted to the respective Colonies for their consideration and approbation.
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AMERICAN PRESIDENTS OATH OF OFFICE
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of the President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States."
~United States Constitution, Article II, Section I, Clause 8