James Garfield Timeline

James Garfield Timeline. A lifetime of events for the 20th American President of the United States, both private and public. From his birth in Ohio to President Garfield's untimely death by assassination. The Second U.S. President in American Hhistory to die by assassination.

1831 James Abram Garfield was born on November 19
1832 Andrew Jackson is re-elected President
1836 Martin Van Buren is elected President
1837 The Panic of 1837
1840 William Henry Harrison is elected President
1841 John Tyler becomes President of the United States
1844 James Knox Polk is elected President
1845 The Annexation of Texas
1846 U.S. war with Mexico
1849 Zachary Taylor is inaugurated
James Garfield attends Geauga Academy
1850 Millard Fillmore becomes President of the United States
Compromise of 1850
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
1851 Garfield enters the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute
1852 Franklin Pierce is elected President
1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act
Garfield enters Williams College
The Republican Party is created
Garfield graduates from college
1857 James Buchanan is inaugurated
Garfield is appointed president of Hiram College
Dred Scott decision
1858 The Lincoln-Douglas debates
Garfield marries Lucretia Rudolph
1859 John Browns's Raid at Harper's Ferry
Garfield is elected to the Ohio Senate
1860 Abraham Lincoln is elected President
South Carolina Secedes from the Union
1861 Garfield is commissioned Lieutenant Colonel
Civil War Begins
First Battle of Bull Run
1862 The Battle of Shiloh
Battle of Antietam
Garfield defeats Confederates at Middle Creek, Kentucky
Garfield is promoted to Brigadier General
The Battle of Fredericksburg
Garfield is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives
1863 Emancipation Proclamation
Garfield fights at Chickamauga
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg
Abraham Lincoln delivers The Gettysburg Address
1864 Abraham Lincoln is re-elected President
Battle of the Wilderness
Sherman marches through the south, to the sea
1865 Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses Grant at Appomattox
Thirteenth Amendment is ratified
Abraham Lincoln is assassinated
Andrew Johnson assumes the presidency upon Lincoln's death
1866 The Civil Rights Act
1868 President Andrew Johnson is impeached by the House of Representatives
The Fourteenth Amendment is ratified
Ulysses S. Grant is elected President
1871 Garfield is appointed chairman of the House Committee of appropriations
1876 Garfield becomes the Minority leader of the House of Representatives
1876 Custers Last Stand
1877 Rutherford B. Hayes is elected President
1878 Bland Allison Act
1880 Garfield is elected to the U.S. Senate
Elected President of the United States
1881 Star Route Frauds
President James Garfield is assassinated
Shot in the back by Charles Guiteau on July 2, James Garfield died from complications of the wound on September 19
Chester Arthur assumes the Presidency upon Garfield's death. He is inaugurated on September 20, in the middle of the night

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"There are men and women who make the world better just by being the kind of people they are. They have the gift of kindness or courage or loyalty or integrity. It really matters very little whether they are behind the wheel of a truck or running a business or bringing up a family. They teach the truth by living it"

~ James Garfield

James Garfield