Chester Arthur Timeline

Chester Arthur Timeline. A Lifetime of events for the 21st American President Chester Alan Arthur. Both public and private from his birth on October 5, 1830 in Fairfield, VT to his death on November 18, 1886 in New York, NY.

Vice President Chester Arthur stepped into the Presidency by succession upon the assassination of President James Garfield. Arthur finished out the term but lost the Republican nomination to James G. Blaine in the 1884 election. Ultimately Grover Cleveland was victorious over Blaine and became the 22nd U.S. President. After failing again to get the Republican nomination for the United States Senate seat, Arthur retired to New York City.



1830 Chester Alan Arthur was born on October 5
1832 President Andrew Jackson is elected to a second term
1837 Martin Van Buren becomes the 8th United States President
1841 William Henry Harrison becomes the ninth U.S. President and the President to serve the shortest term in American History. Inaugurated March 4 and died on April 4
Vice President John Tyler assumed the Presidency upon the death of President Harrison
1844 Arthur enters Lyceum School in Schenectady
1845 Arthur enters Union College
James Knox Polk becomes the 11th U.S. President
Annexation of Texas into the Union
1846 Mexican-American War begins
1848 Arthur graduates from Union College
1849 Zachary Taylor becomes the 12th U.S. President
1850 Millard Fillmore becomes the 13th U.S. President
Compromise of 1850
1851 Arthur takes a teaching job in a Vermont school
1852 Arthur becomes principal of a school in New York State
1853 Franklin Pierce becomes the 14th U.S. President
Arthur studies law in New York
Gadsden Purchase
Arthur is admitted to the bar
1854 The Republican Party is formed
1857 James Buchanan becomes the 15th U.S. President
Dred Scott decision
1858 Lincoln-Douglas debates
1859 Arthur marries Ellen Lewis Herndon
John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry
1860 South Carolina secedes from the Union
1861 Abraham Lincoln becomes the 16th U.S. President and the first Republican President in American History
Fort Sumtner is attacked
The first Battle of Bull Run
1862 Arthur is commissioned inspector general of New York troops
Battle of Shiloh
Battle of Antietam
Arthur is commissioned quarter master general of New York State
Confederate victory at Fredericksburg
1863 Emancipation Proclamation
Battle of Chancellorsville
Vicksburg Campaigne
Gettysburg Campaign
1864 Battle of the Wilderness
President Lincoln is re-elected to a second term
Sherman's March to the sea
1865 General Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomattox
Abraham Lincoln is assassinated
Vice President Andrew Johnson assumes the Presidency upon the death of President Lincoln
The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified
1868 President Andrew Johnson is Impeached
The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified
1869 General Ulysses S. Grant becomes the 18th U.S. President
Arthur is appointed council to the New York City Tax Commission
1871 Arthur is appointed collector of customs for the Port of New York
1872 President Grant is re-elected to a second term
1873 Panic of 1873
1875 Arthur is re-appointed collector of customs for the Port of New York
1876 Custers Last Stand
1877 Rutherford B. Hayes becomes the 19th U.S. President, appointed by the Electoral Commission after a highly contested election
1878 Arthur is suspended as collector of customs
1880 Ellen Arthur dies
Arthur is elected Vice President
1881 James Abram Garfield becomes the 20th U.S. President
President James Garfield is assassinated
Vice President Arthur assumes the Presidency upon the death of President Garfield
1883 Arthur signs the Pendelton Act
1884 Arthur runs for the Presidential nomination but loses to James G. Blaine
Grover Cleveland becomes the 22nd U.S. President
1885 Dedication of the Washington Monument
Arthur retires to New York City
1886 Arthur died on November 18 of a kidney disease and was buried in Rural Cemetery in Albany, N.Y.

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